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Madeira, Portugal; a holiday and vacation guide
Madeira is an oasis of green within the Atlantic Ocean. This lush island with its permanent spring-like climate, is diverse and fascinating, and one of the truly unique holiday destinations of Europe.
Madeira is varied and exciting, and a holiday here can be as exciting or relaxing as you choose it to be. This article will provide an introduction to Madeira, by answering some of the common holiday questions.
What are the highlights of Madeira?
Madeira is a territory of Portugal, but it is closer to mainland Africa (800km) than to Lisbon (1,200km), while the Canary Islands are 400km to the south.
Who should visit Madeira?
Madeira is a destination that will appeal to a wide range of tourists. The island is very safe, provides a high standard of hotels and accommodation, and is comparatively inexpensive, especially when compared to other major holiday destinations.
These traits typically entice a more mature visitor, but Madeira is an exciting island, just wanting to be discovered by the modern independent tourist. Hire a car, climb a mountain, eat delicious seafood, party in Funchal, hike through a river valley, whale watch or simply admire the stunning scenery.
The major holiday consideration for Madeira is the lack of beaches, but if beaches are essential for your holiday then consider dividing your time between Madeira and Porto Santo. Porto Santo is the second island of the Madeira archipelago, and has a gorgeous sandy beach extending along the entire southern side of the island.
Our opinion: Porto Santo is one of the last undiscovered beach destinations of Europe.
Where to go in Madeira?
Most visitors to Madeira are based close to Funchal, the largest city on the island and where over half of the island’s population live.
Funchal is a pretty and welcoming city that is a charming mix of classic Portuguese architecture, whitewashed houses and carefully maintained gardens. The main hotel zone is to the west of Funchal, and if you book a package holiday you will be more than likely based within this area.
Crossing the island are a series of complex waterways that diverted water from the wet northern side to the fertile lands on the eastern side of Madeira. Today these small streams and associated footpaths provide visitors with wonderful hiking routes (known as the Levadas), which pass through some of the most specular landscapes in Madeira.
When to visit Madeira?
There are two peak seasons for Madeira; the Christmas holidays and school summer holidays (July-August). If you are planning a holiday during these periods, always book flights and accommodation well in advance, as flights will be expensive, and hotels do sell out
Early spring and autumn are the best times of the year to visit as the weather is still wonderful but there are not the summertime crowds or cruise ships. The winter months experience the most rain, but this tends to fall on the northern side of the island, whereas Funchal to the south is much drier.
Insight: The main festival of Madeira is the flower festival hosted in Funchal between the 23rd of April and the 24th of May.
June is a strange month in Madeira, as the island is often covered in cloud (but rarely rains) and is frequently referred to as “June gloom” by locals. By July the intense summer sun burns this cloud away in the early morning.
Our advice: If you are holidaying in June, head to Lisbon or Porto for their Popular Saint Festivals and guaranteed great weather.
Related articles: Our Lisbon guide – Porto guide
Suggested itineraries for a holiday to Madeira?
A typical holiday to Madeira is based in or near Funchal (many of the major hotels are to the west of the city) and the island is explored via organised day trips or with a rental car.
If you wish to explore Madeira independently, a recommended itinerary with a rental car is; Day 1) Funchal and Monte Day 2) Câmara De Lobos and the Cabo Girão Cliffs Day 3) Porto Moniz Day 4) the mountains of Pico do Arieiro and Pico Ruivo Day 5) Ribeiro Frio, Santana and Machico Day 6) Curral Das Freiras and Day 7) São Vicente and caves.
A map of this suggested itinerary is shown below.
Guided tours are a hassle-free way to explore Madeira and also provide a chance to meet fellow tourists. There are many different tour companies providing guides tours of Madeira, but they all tend to split the island into two; east and west. The western tours typically visit Câmara De Lobos, Sao Vicente and Porto Moniz, while the eastern tours include Santana, Ribeiro Frio and Machico.
Related articles: 1 week in Madeira
What about the beaches?
The powerful waves and strong sea currents have prevented the coastline of Madeira retaining any meaningful sandy beaches.
This has actually been a blessing for the island. The lack of sandy beaches has prevented Madeira being overrun by package holidays and mega hotel developments, as with the cultural devoid Canary Islands.
There are two artificial sandy beaches on Madeira, at Calheta and Machico. Both are protected from the ocean currents and winter storms by sea walls, but this does mean neither beach is very large.
If you truly want a beach destination, consider visiting Porto Santo for a portion of your holiday to Madeira. There is a regular ferry connecting Funchal to Porto Santo, and the island has its own airport with a few services to Europe.
Another option is to book a hotel with a beautiful swimming pool complex and grounds, which can be as equally pleasant for a relaxing holiday.
Our opinion: Madeira may not have the bountiful beaches as with other islands in the eastern Atlantic Ocean, but easily compensates with mountainous scenery, rugged coastlines and culturally rich towns and villages.
Is language going to be a problem?
All people who work within the tourism industry speak English fluently and often a third European language. All restaurants menus will have an English section, while all transportation use English as the second language. The Portuguese always appreciate an effort to speak their language.
Madeira for children?
Madeira is not a conventional or well-known destination for a family holiday but is ideal for children. The Portuguese are very welcoming and supportive of families, especially if travelling with young children. The island is very safe, all tourist facilities and hotels are at a very high standard, and shops sell all common branded goods.
As for activities, there is the cable car and toboggan run in Funchal, there are boat tours and the lava pools in Porto Moniz. The beaches in Madeira tend to be stony and the sea waters are cold.
Travel to Madeira and Madeira airport
Madeira is served by a modern international airport situated on the northeastern side of the island.
Insight: Madeira airport used to have the reputation as one of the worlds most dangerous, this was before the large and modern airport was constructed in 2002. Do not listen to scare stories the airport is perfectly safe, but pilots do need additional training due to the crosswinds and zig-zag approach.